Trafficking in the construction sector

In CTDC data, 2,685 out of the 21,270 victims of labour exploitation were trafficked into the construction sector.

96% of the data comes from case management data, while the rest comes from hotline data.

  • To learn more about the size of the construction sector relative to other labour exploitation sectors, click here (graph Sector of labour exploitation)

  • To learn more about the size of labour exploitation relative to other types of exploitation, click here (graph Exploitation type)

Gender in the construction sector

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Adults and children in the construction sector

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Age and gender in the construction sector

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Most age groups have a very low proportion of females trafficked into construction, and the youngest and oldest age groups are exclusively comprised of males.

Profile of the recorded victims

This profile summarises the victims' most common characteristics, based on the graphs below.

The typical victim is a married male, over 30 years old. He's likely to have some secondary education or vocational training. He's from Eastern Europe, and was probably also exploited there. He is most likely to be recruited into trafficking by someone outside of his circle of family and friends. The most common means of control keeping him in exploitation are false promises, confiscation of earnings, excessive working hours, restrictions of movement, psychological abuse, confiscation of documents and threats. His exploitation is not likely to last more than one year.

Gender excluding the construction sector

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Victims who identify as Transgender/Non-conforming and victims whose gender is not recorded are not included in the computations, as there are not enough data for any significant analysis (CTDC partners are working to improve data availability on this issue). The graph on the right shows the gender of all victims, except those in the construction sector. Compared to the rest of the dataset, victims trafficked into construction are overwhelmingly male- only 10% of victims forced to work in this industry sector are female.

Adults and children excluding the construction sector

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Almost all of identified victims trafficked into construction are adults at the time of data collection, in contrast to the general profile of victims in the Global Dataset.

Age and gender excluding the construction sector

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This contrasts with the rest of the dataset, in which women make up the majority for most age groups.

Age in and excluding the construction sector

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Compared to the rest of the dataset, the age distribution of victims in the construction sector is skewed towards the right: overall, recorded victims appear to be older in the construction sector than in the rest of the dataset, and there seem to be almost no children below the age of 10 exploited in the construction sector. About 60% of the recorded victims in the construction sector are over 30, against 30% in the rest of the dataset. In this aspect, the construction sector is similar to the agriculture sector and to the manufacturing sector.

Marital status in and excluding the construction sector

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Almost half of identified victims trafficked into construction are married, while a much smaller proportion are single. This is similar to the agriculture sector and the manufacturing sector, but contrasts with the rest of the dataset, in which nearly half of the victims are single.

Education in and excluding the construction sector

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The educational profile of victims trafficked into construction is unique compared to the rest of the dataset, as 38% have completed some form of technical training (vs. 24%). They are also more likely to have some secondary education. In this respect, they are similar to victims in the agriculture sector.

Intra or inter subregional trafficking

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85% of victims of trafficking in the construction sector are exploited in their region of origin, compared to 72% in the rest of the dataset.

The vast majority of victims in CTDC data who are trafficked into construction come from Eastern Europe. To be precise, they are 73%. The next largest group is from Central Asia, constituting 22% of the people exploited in the construction sector. 78% of victims are also exploited in Eastern Europe, and 15% in Central Asia. Overall, the profile of victims trafficked into construction is close to that of victims trafficked into the agriculture sector.

Recruiter relationship

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Compared to the rest of the dataset, the majority of victims forced to work in construction were not recruited by someone close to them. In this respect, victims of trafficking in the construction sector are similar to victims in the agriculture sector and in the manufacturing sector.

Means of control in the construction sector

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Means of control excluding the construction sector

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