Exploitation of victims: trends and changes
Global dataset analysis

Exploitation of Victims: Trends

Data reflects important progress made in recent years in the field of counter-trafficking in building recognition and awareness that trafficking does not always involve sexual exploitation.
Data reflects important progress made in recent years in the field of counter-trafficking in building recognition and awareness that men are also victims of trafficking and that trafficking does not always involve sexual exploitation. Historically, anti-trafficking efforts tended to focus on combating trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation. As a result, the victims of trafficking that were identified tended to be those who had been trafficked for sexual exploitation. As anti-trafficking efforts have expanded to include a focus on trafficking for the purposes of labour exploitation, identification of victims of trafficking for the purposes of labour exploitation has increased.

EXPLOITATION TYPES

Victims identified are more likely to trafficked either for sexual or for labour exploitation.

Victims of trafficking for sexual and labour exploitation over time

Data now demonstrates that in the recent years, counter-trafficking actors have assisted a higher percentage of victims that were trafficked for labour exploitation than those who were trafficked for sexual exploitation.

EXPLOITATION OF FEMALE VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING OVER TIME

In recent years, the proportion of identified female victims of trafficking who have been exploited for labour has grown relative to those trafficked into sexual exploitation.

EXPLOITATION OF MALE VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING OVER TIME

Identified male victims continue to be mostly individuals trafficked for the purpose of labour exploitation, while identified female victims are exploited for the purpose of either sexual or labour exploitation.

EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN OVER TIME

Over time, children have been identified as victims of sexual or labour exploitation. In a smaller number of cases, children have been subjected to both sexual and labour exploitation.

RELATIONSHIP TO RECRUITER VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING FOR LABOUR AND SEXUAL EXPLOITATION

There are significant differences in the relationship victims of labour and sexual exploitation have to the person who recruited them into trafficking. Most of the victims are recruited by an intimate partner are trafficked for sexual exploitation. The role of people who were considered friends by the victim is important in both cases of sexual and labour exploitation. Others, such as acquaintances, business contacts and neighbors play an important role in the recruitment of victims trafficked for labour exploitation.

MEANS OF CONTROL USED ON VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING FOR LABOUR EXPLOITATION

Displayed here are the means of control used by traffickers on victims of labour and sexual exploitation. It is possible for each victim to have been subject to multiple means of control. Victims of trafficking for labour exploitation are most commonly controlled through methods such as taking of earnings, false promises and psychological abuse.

MEANS OF CONTROL USED ON VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING FOR SEXUAL EXPLOITATION

In contrast to victims of trafficking for labour exploitation, victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation are controlled primarily by psychological abuse, and also other psychological control tactics such as restriction of free movement and threats.

DURATION OF TRAFFICKING FOR VICTIMS OF SEXUAL EXPLOITATION

DURATION OF TRAFFICKING FOR VICTIMS OF LABOUR EXPLOITATION

EXPLOITATION TYPE FOR ADULTS AND CHILDREN

CHILD AND ADULT VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING FOR LABOUR AND SEXUAL EXPLOITATION

SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF MEN, WOMEN GIRLS AND BOYS OVER TIME

LABOUR EXPLOITATION FOR MEN WOMEN BOYS AND GIRLS OVER TIME

EXPLOITATION TYPE FOR DIFFERENT AGE GROUPS

SECTOR OF LABOUR EXPLOITATION

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