- Victims Exploited in Asia
This data story presents key characteristics from the Global Victim Dataset of approximately 16,000 victims exploited in Asia. Most data is shown at the regional level, and there are some key statistics for the ten countries within the region where the largest amount of data is present. The subset mainly comprises data from IOM and from Liberty Asia's counter trafficking activities. Regions and sub-regions are defined according to the official UN classification.
Type of exploitation all victims
Around two thirds of victims exploited in Asia are victims of trafficking for labour exploitation, while around a quarter are victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation.
Adults and children
Notably, 90% of victims identified as being exploited in Asia are adults. This is in contrast to the Global Victim Dataset at large, which has a higher proportion of children.
Gender of victims
Among identified cases of victims exploited within the region of Asia, females represent approximately two thirds of the caseload.
Region of origin of victims
Over 80% of identified victims exploited in Asia have citizenship of an Asian country, representing the intra-regional nature of trafficking.
Gender and age of victims
Whilst within Asia there is a higher proportion of identified female victims, male victims are more proportionately represented in some of the lowest and in the highest age categories. The reverse is true for categories between 15 and 38 years of age, with higher proportions of females.
Means of control used on adults and children
Traffickers use many means of controlling their victims, and each victim can be subject to several means of control during the course of their trafficking experience. Adult victims exploited in Asia tend to be controlled much more through taking of earnings, restrictions on movement, excessive working hours and withholding of documents than children. Both adults and children are controlled more through false promises than any other means of control, while children are controlled proportionately more through sexual abuse.
Almost 40% of identified victims exploited in Asia are single, while a quarter are married.
Sector of work for victims of trafficking for labour exploitation
By far the most common sector of work for victims of trafficking for labour exploitation in Asia is domestic work, representing over 50% of victims. Other sectors victims are commonly trafficked into include agriculture, aquafarming, construction and hospitality.
Around 50% of victims exploited in Asia have completed high or middle school education, with approximately a third having completed secondary school or technical training.
The majority of identified victims were not recruited by someone close to them, however a third of victims identified in Asia were recruited by someone they knew.
Subregion of exploitation
Within available data, almost half of victims are exploited in South-Eastern Asia. A third are exploited in Western Asia, while almost a fifth are exploited in Central Asia.
Duration of trafficking
Just over 50% of victims exploited in Asia were trafficked for between 0-1 years. From there, the frequency for number of years trafficked decreases, with the longest recorded trafficking duration for a victim of trafficking at 78 years.