- Victims from Asia
This data story presents key characteristics from the Global Victim Dataset of just over 27,000 victims with Asia as their region of origin. Most data is shown at the regional level, and there are some key statistics for the ten countries within the region where the largest amount of data is present. The subset mainly comprises data from IOM and from Liberty Asia's counter trafficking activities. Regions and sub-regions are defined according to the official UN classification.
Type of exploitation all victims
Half of identified victims from Asia are victims of trafficking for labour exploitation. A tenth are victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation, which is a much lower proportion than in the wider Global Victim Dataset.
Adults and children
Notably, almost 90% of identified victims from Asia are adults. This is in contrast to the Global Victim Dataset at large, which has a higher proportion of children.
Gender of victims
Among identified cases of victims from the region of Asia, females represent around two thirds of the caseload.
Region of exploitation of victims
Over 80% of identified victims from Asia are exploited in an Asian country, representing the intra-regional nature of trafficking.
Gender and age of victims
Whilst within Asia there is a higher proportion of identified female victims, male victims are more proportionately represented in some of the lowest (between 9-14) and in the highest age categories (above the age of 39). The reverse is true for categories between 15 and 38 years of age, with higher proportions of females.
Means of control used on adults and children
Traffickers use many means of controlling their victims, and each victim can be subject to several means of control during the course of their trafficking experience. Adult victims from Asia tend to be controlled much more through taking of earnings, restrictions on movement, excessive working hours and withholding of documents than children. Both adults and children are controlled more through false promises than any other means of control.
Almost 40% of identified victims from Asia are single, while a just over a quarter are married.
Sector of work for victims of trafficking for labour exploitation
By far the most common sector of work for victims of trafficking for labour exploitation from Asia is domestic work, representing almost two thirds of victims. Other sectors victims are commonly trafficked into include agriculture, construction and hospitality.
Over a third of identified victims from Asia have completed high or middle school education, with almost as many having completed secondary school.
The majority of identified victims were not recruited by someone close to them, however a considerable proportion of victims from Asia knew their recruiter.
Subregion of origin
Within available data, three quarters of victims are from South-Eastern Asia, while almost a fifth are from Central Asia.
Duration of trafficking
Just over 50% of victims from Asia were trafficked for between 0-1 years. From there, the frequency for number of years trafficked decreases, with the longest recorded trafficking duration for a victim of trafficking at 78 years.