- Exploitation of Victims: Trends
In the past few years, counter-trafficking actors have become increasingly concerned about human trafficking for labour exploitation.
Data reflects important progress made in recent years in the field of counter-trafficking in building recognition and awareness that men are also victims of trafficking and that trafficking does not always involve sexual exploitation.
Historically, anti-trafficking efforts tended to focus on combating trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation. As a result, the victims of trafficking that were identified tended to be those who had been trafficked for sexual exploitation. As anti-trafficking efforts have expanded to include a focus on trafficking for the purposes of labour exploitation, identification of victims of trafficking for the purposes of labour exploitation has increased.
Victims identified are more likely to trafficked either for sexual or for labour exploitation.
Victims of trafficking for sexual and labour exploitation over time
Data now demonstrates that in the recent years, counter-trafficking actors have assisted a higher percentage of victims that were trafficked for labour exploitation than those who were trafficked for sexual exploitation.
Exploitation of female victims of trafficking over time
In recent years, the proportion of identified female victims of trafficking who have been exploited for labour has grown relative to those trafficked into sexual exploitation.
Exploitation of male victims of trafficking over time
Identified male victims continue to be mostly individuals trafficked for the purpose of labour exploitation, while identified female victims are exploited for the purpose of either sexual or labour exploitation.
Exploitation of children over time
Over time, children have been identified as victims of sexual or labour exploitation. In a smaller number of cases, children have been subjected to both sexual and labour exploitation.
Relationship to recruiter victims of trafficking for labour and sexual exploitation
There are significant differences in the relationship victims of labour and sexual exploitation have to the person who recruited them into trafficking. Most of the victims are recruited by an intimate partner are trafficked for sexual exploitation. The role of people who were considered friends by the victim is important in both cases of sexual and labour exploitation. Others, such as acquaintances, business contacts and neighbors play an important role in the recruitment of victims trafficked for labour exploitation.
Means of control used on victims of trafficking for labour exploitation
Displayed here are the means of control used by traffickers on victims of labour and sexual exploitation. It is possible for each victim to have been subject to multiple means of control. Victims of trafficking for labour exploitation are most commonly controlled through methods such as taking of earnings, false promises and psychological abuse.
Duration of trafficking for victims of sexual exploitation
Exploitation type for adults and children
Means of control used on victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation
In contrast to victims of trafficking for labour exploitation, victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation are controlled primarily by psychological abuse, and also other psychological control tactics such as restriction of free movement and threats.